Working to improve mutual understanding between the Middle East and the West


No products in the basket.

Pagan Christmas

Pagan Christmas


Winter Feasts of the Kalasha of the Hindu Kush

by Augusto S. Cacopardo

Format: Hardback
Published: October 2016
Illustrations: 12
Pages: 380
ISBN: 9781909942844

Buy EPUB | Kindle | PDF


This authoritative work sheds light on the religious world of the Kalasha people of the Birir valley of the Pakistani district of Chitral, focusing on their winter feasts which culminate in a great winter solstice festival. The Kalasha represent the last example of the pre-Islamic cultures of the Hindu Kush/Karakorum, but are also the only observable example, worldwide, of an archaic Indo-European religion. Cacopardo addresses the historical and cultural context of the area and, referencing an array of relevant literature, offers comparisons with the Indian world and the religious folklore of Europe. Interdisciplinary and based on extensive field research, Pagan Christmas is the first extended ethnographic study devoted to this little known Kalasha community and represents a standard international reference source on the anthropology, ethnography and history of religions of Pakistan and Central South Asia.

Augusto S. Cacopardo has conducted anthropological research in Pakistan under the aegis of the Istituto Italiano per l’Africa e l’Oriente and is Professor of Ethnography at the University of Florence. His publications include the monograph Gates of Peristan: History, Religion and Society in the Hindu Kush (2001), co-authored with his brother Alberto M. Cacopardo.





Pagan Christmas is a masterpiece of erudition based on intimate regional knowledge. In exploring the indigenous religion of a traditional local society, this monograph is true to the essence of classical anthropology, namely “… to capture the last flash of an ancient cultural model that […] has still much to say to us” (p. 10). The reviewer thoroughly enjoyed reading this book which consciously does not follow the currently dominant ‘contemporaneist’ trend in anthropology.’

Jürgen Wasim Frembgen, Central Asiatic Journal 61 (2018)