Amman, the capital of Jordan, contends with a crisis of identity rooted in how it grew to become a symbol for the Anglo-Hashemite government first, and a city second. As a representation of the new centralised authority, Amman became the seat of the government that orchestrated the development of Transjordan with the institution of the British mandate in 1921. Despite its diminutive size, the city grew to house all the components necessary for a thriving and cohesive state by the end of the mandate in 1946. Regardless of its modernising and regulatory ambitions, however, the mandatory government did not control all facets of life in the region. Instead, the story of Transjordan is one of tensions between the state and the realities of the region, and the limitations that forced the government to scale down its aspirations. This book presents the history of Amman’s development under the rule of the British mandate from 1921–1946 and explores how the growth of the Anglo-Hashemite state imbued the city with physical, political, and symbolic significance.
Harrison B. Guthorn is a Strategic Leader at EAB in Washington, DC, specialising in public and private institutions. He completed his PhD at the University of Maryland, College Park, in 2015. He was a 2013–2014 Fulbright IIE Fellow in Amman, and was awarded both a University of Maryland Dean’s Fellowship and Dissertation Fellowship for his research. In addition to various research roles, he has worked as a Lecturer of Modern Middle East History at the University of Virginia and the University of Maryland.